Chippewa Cree Tribe

Tribal Water

Resources Department

"Water is Sacred"

Programs: 106

Our Program

In 1987, Congress amended section 518(e) of the Clean Water Act (CWA) to include provisions that all Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to treat an Indian tribe in a matter similar to a state for the purpose of providing Section 106 funding


Federally recognized tribal lands cover over 110,000 square miles of the United States. Unlike a single state these lands are held by more than 566 distinct Indian tribes, each with a unique set of water resources used for recreation, transportation, fishing, aquaculture, drinking water, ceremonial purposes, and more. Each tribe faces a unique set of challenges in protecting these resources. Together, Indian tribes are responsible for protecting and restoring tens of thousands of square miles of rivers, streams, and lakes, as well as ground water. Tribes across the country are using Section 106 grants to identify and proactively address water quality priorities and concerns.


For over 20 years, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has provided funding under Section 106 of the Clean Water Act (CWA), Grants for Pollution Control Programs, to assist tribes to understand, assess, and preserve their water resources. This report highlights tribes’ achievements in developing comprehensive, effective water quality programs and improving and protecting water quality on tribal lands. Specifically, this


  • Provides a brief overview of tribal water quality programs.
  • Describes the critical water quality activities that tribes fund with Section 106 grants.
  • Highlights the rapid growth the program has experienced over the past 20 years.
  • Outlines current and future challenges facing tribal water quality programs nationwide.
  • Illustrates tribal water quality programs’ use of Section 106 funds to protect water resources across the United States.

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Vision Statement

"Water is sacred, it gives life to everything."

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